Shipping LiPo batteries, especially by air, requires strict adherence to safety regulations due to their sensitive chemical composition and potential hazard risks. Here’s a detailed guide on how to properly prepare and ship LiPo batteries by air, including general packing requirements, certification needs, labeling, documentation, and specific guidelines for both assembled and non-assembled batteries:

General Packing Requirements

Protection: Ensure each lipo battery is individually protected to prevent short circuits. This can involve enclosing each battery in fully enclosed inner packaging made of non-conductive material.

Cushioning: Use cushioning material around each battery to minimize movement and absorb shock during transit. LiPo Batteries should be packed to prevent them from coming into contact with metal objects.

Sturdy Outer Packaging: Use rigid outer packaging that is durable and strong enough to withstand the rigors of transportation.

Certification Requirements

UN Test Certification: All LiPo batteries must pass UN 38.3 testing, which assesses safety under pressure, temperature, crush, and impact.

Regulatory Compliance: Ensure compliance with relevant IATA (International Air Transport Association) and ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) regulations for shipping dangerous goods.

Labeling and Documentation

Dangerous Goods Declaration: A correctly filled out Dangerous Goods Declaration form must accompany the shipment.

Handling Labels: Properly label all packages with the appropriate hazardous material labels, including the “Lithium Ion Batteries—Forbidden for Transport Aboard Passenger Aircraft” label for cargo exceeding the allowed limits on passenger aircraft.

State of Charge: For air transport, the state of charge (SoC) should not exceed 30% of their rated design capacity.

Specific Guidelines for Sea Transport

While the focus here is on air transport, for sea transport:

Ventilation: Ensure that the cargo space is well-ventilated.

Separation: Batteries must be stored away from flammable liquids and combustibles.

For LiPo Battery Assembled in Devices

Device Protection: Ensure the device is equipped with an effective means of preventing accidental activation during transport.

Secure Packaging: Secure the device in the packaging to prevent movement that could lead to activation or damage.

For LiPo Battery Not Assembled in Devices

Terminal Protection: Protect exposed terminals or leads with non-conductive caps or tape to prevent short circuits.

Individual Packaging: LiPo batteries should be packaged in inner boxes or divided to prevent contact.

Shipping LiPo batteries by air involves meticulous preparation to ensure safety and compliance with international regulations. Proper packaging, accurate labeling, and thorough documentation are critical to avoid legal issues and ensure the safe arrival of your shipment. Stay updated with the latest guidelines from IATA and other regulatory bodies, as these regulations can frequently change.

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